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How to control the disease?
Managemental control
A few good management practices will help control coccidiosis.
  • Anticoccidial drugs mixed in the feed are used to limit high levels of infection.
  • Keep chicks, feed and water away from droppings.
  • Roost birds over wire netting if brooding arrangements make this possible.
  • Place water vessels on wire frames to eliminate a concentration of wet droppings, in which the chicks can walk to pick up or spread the disease.
  • Keep litter dry and stirred frequently. Remove wet spots and replace with dry litter.
  • Avoid overcrowding.
  • Oocyst destruction - Ammonia fumigation, methyl bromide or by litter heap, (52° C - 15 mts heat destruction ), Use of disinfectant "Oo- Cide" to destroy the oocysts in the prmises.
  • Proper sanitation and management.
  • Separation of young birds and old birds and new birds and old birds.
  • Feeder, waterer should be cleaned and heat sterilized before use.
  • Rise of chicks in Raised wire platform.
  • Labour maintenance - Use of same chapels, gunny bag reuse must be avoided.
  • Remove the affected birds and keep it in a separate pen, if dead destroy them by burying and the remaining bird in a flock should be treated.
  • Follow correct lighting schedule.
  • Use correct amount of litter.
  • Use good quality of litter and avoids wet litter.
  • Avoid water spillage.
  • Follow the correct density of bird /m2
  • Avoid feedstuffs, which cause wet litter.
  • Before and after debeaking, deworming, vaccination, change of house/ feed give anticoccidial drug
  • In case of concurrent infections, IBD, RD, MD, Aflatoxions and NE (necrotic enteritis) treat the bird with anticoccidials.
  • During rainy season, much care should be taken to provide correct lighting schedule, providing gunny bag /tarpaulin protection in the sidewalls, avoiding wet litters and leakages in roof.
  • Rat, fly, ant and beetles should be controlled, since they are the main carriers of infection especially in high raisedcage system of rearing the birds.
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